Pantanal antiga

pantanal antiga

Where is the Pantanal located?

The Pantanal ( Portuguese pronunciation: [pɐ̃taˈnaw]) is a natural region encompassing the worlds largest tropical wetland area, and the worlds largest flooded grasslands. It is located mostly within the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, but it extends into Mato Grosso and portions of Bolivia and Paraguay.

Why is the Pantanal so special?

Because the Pantanal is such a unique environment, four different areas, the Penha, the Pantanal Matogrossense National Park, the Doroche, and the Special Reserves of Acurizal, all of which are within the Pantanal, have been classified as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. These regions include more than 180,000 hectares of land.

What are the characteristics of Pantanal lowlands?

The Pantanal lowlands can be categorized into the wetland category, although the bordering areas consist mainly of grasslands and tropical forests. During the wet season, when these surrounding areas are also flooded, the Pantanal reaches such a size that it becomes the largest wetland in recorded history.

How many animals live in the Pantanal?

The Pantal is home to 9,000 invertebrate species, 159 mammal species, 53 types of amphibians, 480 reptile species, 400 fish species and some 1000 different types of birds. The area of Pantanal, Brazil, is the largest tropical wetland on Earth.

What is the Pantanal?

The Pantanal is an enormous internal delta (alluvial plain) of merging rivers in the northern reaches of the Rio de la Plata Basin. Mainly found in southwest-central Brazil through the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, it also covers small sections of southeast Bolivia and northeast Paraguay.

What is the Pantanal wetland in Brazil?

The Pantanal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the biggest tropical wetland in the world. During the summer rainy season, rivers break their banks and flood the surrounding lowlands. This creates a stunning patchwork of shallow lakes, marshes, grasslands and forests. Water lilies in the Pantanal Wetlands in Brazil. © Markus Mauthe / Greenpeace

Why is the Pantanal so important to Bolivia?

It’s not only wildlife that relies on the Pantanal, the wetlands support around 1.5 million people across Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil. From towns of up to five thousand families, to many different Indigenous communities, their livelihoods all depend on the health of the area.

What are the major ecosystems in the Pantanal?

The natural region is surrounded by a number of ecosystems, including: dry forests, tropical savannas, and arid plains. Dry forests are located in the northwest, west, and southwest, while arid plains lie to the north, east, and southeast. Tropical savannas make up the southern border of the Pantanal.

What is the Pantanal in geography?

Geology, geography and ecology. The extent of the Pantanal in Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. The Pantanal is a huge, gently-sloped basin that receives runoff from the upland areas (the Planalto highlands) and slowly releases the water through the Paraguay River and tributaries.

What is the soil like in the Pantanal wetlands?

The Pantanal wetlands reside within a basin which is only 260 - 490 feet above sea level. Its low elevation means that the soil in this area is particularly sandy, and consists mainly of silt, sediment, clay or pure sand, being sandier at higher elevation and more clay or mud like in the lower and therefore wetter areas.

What is the weather like in the Pantanal?

The climate of the Pantanal is tropical, with hot, rainy summers and dry, sunny winters, characterized by warm days and cool nights. Being that its in the Southern Hemisphere, the seasons are reversed when compared with Europe or North America.

How does the Pantanal affect the ecosystem?

These events could affect the Pantanal´s ecosystem functioning, amplifying and worsening human modifications of hydrological and environmental conditions in the basin. A portion of the Pantanal in Brazil has been protected as the Pantanal Matogrossense National Park.

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